A sex offense, previously known as rape, is a crime of deliberately making someone gets involved in an undesirable sexual act by threatening them or using force. Sex offense is also known as sexual assault, sex crime, and sexual abuse.
A person who commits such sexual crime is called a sex offender.
Sexual offenses are divided into four degrees, with the first being a 1st-degree sex offense. The law of the state of Maryland divided sexual offense to make it easier to categorize sex crimes with their deserved penalties. These degrees vary based on their seriousness and how severe the case is. Factors affecting the severity of the sex offense include:
- The use of violence, for instance, suffocating, strangling, disfiguring, or causing serious physical damage to the victim
- Threatening the victim or placing the victim in a dangerous place that cause serious harm to him or her and making the victim feel a great deal of distress and terror.
- Committing the sex offense along with another crime, such as robbery.
- The use of weapons or displaying the weapons to the victim.
- If the victim in an underage child, or an elderly person.
A 1st-degree offense includes the below-mentioned actions:
- Engaging someone, without their consent, in sexual acts such as oral or anal sex.
- The penetration of the genitals or anus of the victim using any object or any one’s body part, but not vaginal intercourse. The law of the state of Maryland considers vaginal intercourse as a rape case.
- If the sexual acts included the use of force, threats, weapons, or the display of weapons. If the victim has been suffocated or has been generally physically injured by the sex offender.
- If the victim has been threatened to be killed, disfigured, or severely physically injured by the sex offender.
- If the sexual assault happened with the aid of another person, excluding the sex offender or the sex assault was committed during a burglary.
A person who commits any of the crimes that have been mentioned above may face the penalties regarding a 1st-degree sex offense in Maryland.
The penalties of a 1st-degree sex offense include the following:
- A 1st-degree sex offense crime or the attempt of the sex offense crime usually results to life imprisonment.
- The sex offender is obligated to serve no less than 25 years.
- If the sex offenders show good behavior, the court of Maryland may grant him or her release.
- If a previously convicted person of a 1st degree sex offense, commits rape on a child under the age of 16 or if the sex offender is over the age of 18 and the victim was under the age of 13, then the court will sentence him or her for a life imprisonment and the possibility of a parole is omitted.
Additionally, the committing of any of the above crimes will demand the defendant to register as a sex offender in the state of Maryland, between 15 years to lifetime registration. Being a sex offender greatly affects where the person may be able to reside and work.