Fraud is defined as a criminal deception for a personal gain. Most crimes associated with fraud are categorized slightly below felony crimes. This means that they are class A or class one misdemeanor crimes. There are many cases which could be described as fraud under Virginia law. These cases include different kinds of forgery, impersonating officials or public safety officers, altering documents, issuing checks from a non-existent account, misusing coin machines such as vending machine, giving false statements for personal gain, harassing people with another identity, the theft of credit cards, removing trademarks, using games to promote the sale of products, money laundering, etc.
In Virginia law, there are certain descriptions for a fraud act which all cases much have to make sure that the case is of criminal fraud or not. These descriptions identify if the evidence given can prove that the case is a fraud case. Virginia law states that the evidence must prove that the person who is convicted of the fraud act gave misleading information of the truth about something that happens in the present and not in the future. The misleading information should also be concerning the object or material that the convicted person made a deal on. The law also states that the evidence given must show that the convicted person gave misleading information intentionally. There should also be evidence proving that the victim relied on the misleading information given. This means that if the victim did not believe the misleading information then he/she cannot call the case a fraud case. The law also mentions that there should be evidence proving that the victim was damaged by the case.
Most fraud cases are recognized as class one misdemeanors. This means that punishment to most fraud cases is either fines that may reach but not exceed $2500, jail time for a period not more than one year or both. Since most fraud cases are class one misdemeanors, they are recognized as very serious cases and are just below felony cases such as murder.
Although most fraud cases are class one misdemeanor cases, the main cases such as forgery are recognized as felony crimes underclass five or six depending on the type of forgery. General recognized forgery is classified under class five felonies. There are some rare cases of forgery that are classified under class four felonies. Some rare cases include the forgery of public certificates. General cases of forgery that are classified as class five felonies include the forgery of bills. People convicted of Class five felony cases are punished by entering prison for a period which may not exceed ten years. Class four felony acts are punished by a period of ten years in prison and a hefty fee of $100,000.
Virginia fraud law states that to prove that a person committed an act of fraud, evidence should show that the person gave misleading information unintentionally and that the person that was defrauded must have received damage from believing the misleading information given.