What code is § 18.2-371?
Virginia Code Section 18.2-371 defines the Contribution to Delinquency of a Minor. It is a very serious crime. A person convicted under this section shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
What does the Code indicate?
Virginia Code Section 18.2-371: “Causing or encouraging acts that make children delinquent, abused, etc.; grief; abandoned infant
Any person 18 years of age or older, including the parent of any child, who (i) willfully contributes, encourages, or provokes any act, omission, or condition that makes a child delinquent, in need of services, in need of supervision. , or abused or neglected as defined in 16.1-228, or (ii) has consensual sexual intercourse with a child 15 years of age or older who is not his or her spouse, child, or grandchild, shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. This section should not be construed to repeal, modify, or in any way affect § 18.2-18, § 18.2-19, § 18.2-61, § 18.2-63, § 18.2-66, and § 18.2-347.
If prosecution under this section is based solely on the accused parent leaving the child in a hospital or rescue squad, it shall be an affirmative defense to the prosecution of a parent under this section that the parent safely delivered the child to a hospital. that provides 24-hour Emergency Services or to an attended rescue squad employing emergency medical technicians, within the first 14 days of the child’s life. “For the affirmative defense to apply, the child must be released in a manner reasonably calculated to ensure the child’s safety.”
What does it mean to contribute to the delinquency of a minor in Virginia?
As defined by the Code, any offense committed by any person over the age of 18 who voluntarily contributes to, encourages, or causes any act, omission, or condition making a child delinquent, in need of services, in need of supervision, or abused or neglected ; or engages in consensual sexual intercourse with a child over the age of 15 and not their spouse, child, or grandchild, amounts to contributing to the Delinquency of a Minor.
The meaning of “voluntarily contributes to, encourages or causes”
If the defendant was a willing participant in the commission of a crime by a minor, then he falls within the scope of “willfully aiding, abetting, or causing.”
But there are no clear defined rules about it. Therefore, if he has been charged with this crime, it is best to have his case handled by an experienced attorney.
Meaning of “any act, omission, or condition that causes a child to be delinquent, in need of services, in need of supervision, or to have been abused or neglected.
In general, Contribute is related to the adult who is involved in the violation of the criminal law by a minor. Therefore, in cases where an adult is involved in the commission of a crime by a minor, he/she will be charged with Contributing.
However, other acts may give rise to a tax burden. For example, when a parent allowed a child to be in a particular position to harm himself or herself, he or she may be guilty of contributing.
Consequences of contributing to the delinquency of a minor in Virginia
Contributing to the delinquency of a minor is a Class I misdemeanor in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The punishment for a Class 1 misdemeanor is imprisonment for up to one year, a fine of up to $2,500.00, or both.
Additional sanctions can also be imposed, such as no contact with the victim, counseling and education to avoid such actions in the future, etc. You must appear in court for failure to comply with these sanctions.
In addition to the sanctions imposed by the court, he will also have to face social stigma. Your educational and employment opportunities are at stake.
The minor (or parents) do not want to be prosecuted
The prosecutor not only represents the minor but the whole society. Therefore, the case cannot be dropped simply because the minor (or parents) want the charges dropped.
Contributing to the Delinquency of a Minor is a very serious crime. When you are charged with this crime, it is important to contact an experienced attorney immediately as it will have a serious impact on your social life. C